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FMS 0.5 Ton gls (4x4) Truck

FMS 0.5 Ton gls (4x4) Truck

FMS 0.5 Ton gls (4x4) Truck (Source: Bundeswehr/WTS)Größere Abbildung anzeigen

Nation: Federal Republic of Germany

In the late sixties the initiated national development of an amphibious successor model of the Auto-Union 0.25-ton truck was stopped in favor of a trilateral development together with France and Italy. Until then, Glas GmbH and after its takeover BMW AG had manufactured several prototypes for factory trials as well as engineering and service tests.

For the development of the command and liaison vehicle (Véhicule de Commandement et Liaison, VCL) two groups of companies were established with one company from each country, i. e. the FIAT - MAN - Saviem (FMS) group and the Hotchkiss - Büssing - Lancia (HBL) group. A third company group, namely NSU - Moto Guzzi - Panhard / Citroën, which planned to use a Wankel rotary engine withdrew its participation on short notice.

The ambitious initial requirements calling for a total weight of max. 1.5 tons, a payload of 500 kg, space for 6 soldiers and a driving range of 800 km could not be fulfilled. The prototypes with various engine locations and high total weights of up to 2.6 tons did not result in any satisfactory ratio between cost, general performance requirements, all-terrain mobility and amphibious capability.

Based on the results of the joint military and te chnical trials in the three countries, the rear engine concept of the FMS group was selected in 1972. The FMS type concludes the development. Ten 10 prototypes were subsequently produced until 1975, partly with a technically sophisticated air-cooled MAN multifuel engine or a BMW SI engine.

After France withdrew from the project, this group continued the development of the VCL at FIAT in Turin until it was ready for series production and submitted its offer for series production in 1975. The high costs for the procurement and the fact that the amphibious capability requirement had in the meantime been abandoned resulted in the decision by the FMOD in 1976 to give up the bilateral project.

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